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EVs are much more affordable to own because they run on electricity instead of fossil fuels. The
average Canadian driver, travelling about 20,000 kilometres a year, can save up to
$2,500 annually on fuel and maintenance.
Electric motors are also less sophisticated and durable than internal combustion engines. Why?
EVs have only one moving part, so they don’t need oil changes, coolant flushes, mufflers or
exhaust systems to keep running optimally.
For the lowest rates, charge your electric vehicle between 7 p.m. and 7 a.m. On weekdays, and 24
hours a day on weekends and statutory holidays. more on time-of-use rates.
The time needed to charge an electric vehicle depends on current charge level, battery capacity and
temperature. Typically, an EV parked at home for 14 hours or at the office for 8 hours will be fully
charged. On average, Plug-In Hybrids need 1 to 4 hours to charge fully on a 240-volt station, while
Battery Electric Vehicles need 4 to 8 hours to charge fully from zero.
If you live in a house with a private driveway or garage, installing a charging station is
easy. If you don’t have a garage or private driveway, you’ll need to find an alternative
place to install a charging station.
If you live in an apartment or condominium, be aware that building policies and
infrastructure vary from building to building. Before you buy an EV, consult the property
managers about charging stations. Consult Plug
’N Drive for more on condo charging.
Recharging your EV any time of day will result in far fewer greenhouse gas emissions and less air
pollution than a car would generate by burning gasoline or diesel. But
charging overnight, during off-peak hours, is the most cost-effective and eco-friendly way to power
your electric vehicle.
You can also charge your EV at public charging stations. There are currently more than 5,000 public
charging stations across Canada, and almost 1,500 Level 2 and Level 3 charging stations in Ontario.
There are also several websites and apps that track the location of public charging stations
worldwide. Consult Electric Mobility
Canada and ChargeHub for EV
charging maps and apps.
This is the standard 120-volt (V) power outlet that is most used in your home. It can
take more than 24 hours to fully charge an EV using this level*. All EVs come with a
portable cord-set that allows you to charge at any place that has a standard
Steps: Plug your EV into any standard household
power outlet. It the slowest but the easiest way of charging an EV.
Cost to install: $0
This charger connects to a 240-volt outlet, like the one used by ovens and clothing
dryers. It takes about 4-8 hours to charge an EV using this type of charger*. This
is the most common level of charger used by single-family homes with an EV as it
enables fast charging.
Steps: To install a level 2 charger in your
home, you'll need to contact an electrician. They'll identify the technical
requirements to assess if there is sufficient electricity flowing into your home and
if an upgrade is needed to your home's electrical panel. Based on this assessment,
your electrician will suggest you contact HydroOne if you first need an upgrade to
the service or will work with you to get the level 2 charger installed at your home
if the power and panel requirements are already met.
Cost to install: Installing a level 2 charger
typically costs between $800-$3000. There may be additional costs if upgrades or
modifications are needed to your electrical panel and/or power service.
This charger is connected via direct current to an electrical system and is the
fastest charging speed available across all chargers. It takes about 20-60 mins to
charge an EV using this type of charger*. These types of chargers are primarily used
in businesses and public charging areas, are generally cost prohibitive for a
single-family home and have energy requirements that are well beyond the standard
availability in a home. Hence, they are currently used only at public charging
*These charging times are estimates for reference only and actual results may
vary based on the EV model.
You'll need to work with an electrician to understand the current capacity of your service
panel. Many older homes have a 100 Amp main panel, and this may need to be upgraded to a
200-Amp service panel for the EV charging to function optimally and to overcome any
potential danger of overloading the panel. The more Amperage you have, the more devices can
be safely used simultaneously.
Confirm with your electrician if your electrical panel has space to accommodate a double pole
circuit breaker for the EV outlet. If not, they may need to replace some breakers with new
space savers or install a new sub-panel and will have to install a 50-60-Amp breaker in the
Newer EVs can travel up to 400 kilometres on a
single charge, while Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles may travel more than 500 kilometres using a
combination of battery and gas-engine technology. The distance an EV can travel depends on:
Technologypure EV, hybrid or plug-in
Accessories in use
Individual driving style
Electric vehicles don't unexpectedly run out of charge. EV dashboards display the “range remaining,”
so you can plan your trip
With so many EVs on the market, there’s one at every price point. Plus, there’s a
federal incentive of $2,500 to $5,000 when you buy or lease a new EV that retails
for $45,000 or less. Higher-priced models are also eligible, and the incentives are
applied right at point of sale.
The $5,000 incentive applies to battery-powered, fuel cell and long-range Plug-in
Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and the $2,500 incentive applies to shorter-range plug-in
models. And there are over 35 different models of EVs and Plug-in Hybrids available
to choose from. Consult Transport Canada to learn more.
Check out Plug‘N Drive. It offers information about
incentives, benefits of EVs, and charging stations — plus an EV catalogue. Used Electric
Vehicle incentives are available — receive $1,000 off your EV purchase.
Download our Buyer’s
Checklist for 10 key considerations when shopping for an electric vehicle.